Treatment and conditions /Heart Diseases/ Diagnosis of heart diseases

Diagnosis of heart diseases:

  • Talking to the patient about symptoms, medical history, and risk factors
  • Performing a medical examination
  • Ordering diagnostic tests for the patient such as blood tests, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, exercise test, CT scan, and cardiac catheterization.

Treatment of heart diseases:

  • Lifestyle change: exercising, following a proper diet (decreasing salt, fat, and sugar), and not smoking or drinking.
  • Medicine treatment: If lifestyle changes are not enough to treat the heart disease, medicine may be needed to improve heart function and bring oxygen-rich blood to it. The type of medicine depends on the type of heart problem.
  • Coronary angioplasty: placement of a stent in the coronary arteries

Surgery: Coronary artery surgery, valve replacement, etc. are the cases of surgery and usage of a heart lung machine

Prevention of heart diseases

By changing the lifestyle to a healthy one, the risk of heart disease can be prevented.

The basic factors of a healthy lifestyle include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Exercises
  • Proper diet (eating more vegetables and fruits while reducing fat, sugar, and salt)
  • Not drinking
  • Controlling diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cholesterol
  • Preventing obesity

For more information about heart diseases, visit ” The role of heart surgery in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases” page.